Don't force interactions. Let shy cats approach first and associate you with comfort.
Engage aloof cats with wand toys to form positive associations through play.
Give tasty treats when cats seek you out to motivate bonding through food rewards.
Diffusers with feline facial pheromones help create a calming environment to build trust.
Stick to scratching under the chin, not belly or back, to avoid overstimulating cats.
Look for signs of discomfort like ears back or swishing tail and give them space.
Some cats take weeks or months to warm up. Let them set the pace.