Soft eyes with round pupils typically indicate calmness and approachability.
Pinned back ears signal discomfort, insecurity, fear, or aggression depending on context.
Fast wagging usually conveys happiness and excitement. A stiff, slow wag can mean uncertainty.
Raised fur along neck and back points to high arousal due to fear, defensiveness, stress, or aggression
Brief lip licking shows mild stress. Prolonged lip licking may indicate severe anxiety or nausea.
Frequent yawning when not tired communicates stress and attempt to calm down.
Front legs down, hind end up invites play. Lets other dogs know roughhousing is friendly.